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Reference style

General

The SEA OPEN RESEARCH preferred style of reference is APA (American Psychological Association Style).

We recommend The Basics of APA Style https://extras.apa.org/apastyle/basics-7e/ (free tutorial).

All references cited in the text must be included in the reference list at the end of the manuscript and every reference in the list must be cited in the text.

In-text citation should be in brackets.

References should be listed alphabetically by author. For more than one publication by an author, arrange by publication date with the earliest publication first.

In-text citation

In-text citations appear in the body of the work (or table, figure etc.). They enable readers to locate the corresponding entry in the reference list. Parenthetical citation (Smith, 2020) or narrative citation: Smith (2020) describes the issue in more detail…

One author (both first and subsequent in-text citation)

(Author Last Name, year) – (Smith, 2020) or Author Last Name (year) – Smith (2020) examined …

Two author’s (both first and subsequent in-text citation)

(Author 1 Last Name & Author 2 Last Name, year) – (Smith & Jones, 2020) or Author 1 Last Name and Author 2 Last Name (year) – Smith and Jones (2020) examined …

Three or more authors (both first and subsequent in-text citation)

(Author 1 Last Name et al., year) – (Smith et al., 2020) or Author 1 Last Name et al. (year) – Smith et al. (2020) examined …

Separate a series of citations within the same parentheses with semicolons. Order citations within the same parentheses alphabetically.

(Author Last Name, year; Author Last Name, year) – (Jones, 2020; Smith et al., 2020) or Smith et al. (2020) and Ports of Auckland (2019) examined …

Arrange two or more works by the same author(s) by year of publication.

(Author Last Name, 2000, 2009, 2012)

Use suffixes a, b, c and forth, if there is more than one work with the same author and year.

(Author Last Name, 2020a, 2020b, 2020c) – (Smith, 2020a, 2020b, 2020c) or In her papers Smith (2020a, 2020b, 2020c) described …

Secondary sources.

…(as cited in Author Last Name, year) …

Citing specific parts.

… (Author Last Name, year, p. 29) …

… (Author Last Name, year, Chapter 30) …

Reference list

@Journal article.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B. & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of JournalNo. Volume (No. Issue), pp-pp.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B. & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of Journal. Advance online publication, doi:

Xenikou, A., & Simosi, M. (2006). Organizational culture and transformational leadership as predictors of business unit performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(6), 566-579.

Book

Author

■ Surname, A. A. (year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

■ Surname, A. A. (year). Title of work. Retrieved from https://

Editor

■ Surname, A. A. (Ed.). (year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

■ Surname, A. A. (Ed.) (year). Title of work. Retrieved from https://

Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational leadership (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Salaman, G., Storey, J., & Billsberry, J. (Eds.). (2005). Strategic human resource management. Theory and practice. A reader (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Thomas, D. C. (2008). Cross-cultural management: Essentials concepts (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book chapter.

■ Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.

■ Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx—xxx). Retrieved from http://

Brookes, S., & Grint, K. (2010). A new public leadership challenge? In S. Brookes, & K. Grint (Eds.), Brookes, S., & Grint, K. (2010). A new public leadership challenge? In S. Brookes, & K. Grint (Eds.), The new public leadership challenge (pp. 1-15). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from http://www.palgrave.com/PDFs/9780230224179.pdf

Salaman, G., & Storey, J. (2005). Achieving ‘fit’: Managers’ theories of how to manage innovation. In G. Salaman, J. Storey, & J. Billsberry (Eds.), Strategic human resource management. Theory and practice. A reader (2nd ed., pp. 91-115). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Non-English reference.

An English translation should be provided in brackets immediately after the non-English title.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article [Title of article English translation]. Title of JournalNo.Volume (No. Issue), pp-pp.

Author, A. A. (year). Title of work original language [Title of work English translation]. Location: Publisher.

Hinţea, C. (2007). Management public [Public management]. Cluj-Napoca: Accent.

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